Every experienced gardener dreams of having a beautiful greenhouse in the backyard. Self-sufficiency, reliable growth year-round, and high-quality produce are some of the huge benefits many growers reap from owning a greenhouse. Depending on your level of expertise, a greenhouse allows you to grow more delicate and rare plants to impress friends and loved ones. Thinking of building a simple greenhouse in your backyard? Here is a handy guide on starting your project.
Choosing a Suitable Location
The most appropriate spot to construct your greenhouse should be an area with good, consistent sunlight. All structures of the greenhouse should face the north, and its wall should be to the south. This setup allows for easy utilization of all-day and sufficient sunlight, which is highly efficient for the plants growth. Also, pay close attention to winter and summer sun. Don’t choose a location near evergreen trees, as this can block the sun, thus hinder the optimum growth of crops. Lastly, make sure your location has access to electricity and has effective rainwater drainage, to enhance the potential of your greenhouse.
Choosing a Structure
Whether you’re thinking of building your greenhouse from scratch or with a kit, its structure’s size should be considered carefully. Many greenhouse structures sizes are 8 by 6 feet (2.4 by 1.8 m). You can easily get a simple pop-up or polycarbonate greenhouse structure online or from many home improvement stores near you. If you’re about to establish your greenhouse against a building, make a simple lean-structure using wood beams to fully support your system. Use plastic corrugated sheets for your roofing and make sure it’s dome-shaped to allow sufficient distribution of heat. Also, make sure to pick a rigid frame together with a strong foundation to build a sturdy stand-alone framed greenhouse. Choose clear fiberglass because it’s cheap, quite attractive and will accentuate your house and garden more.
Constructing the Frame
Place strings along the ground level to measure the most suitable area to plant the supports. You can reinforce the frame with PVC and rebar to enhance the vitality of the frames structure. After the supports are fixed into the ground, make sure to pour gravel on the area. In case you choose to use wood supports, at least treat them first to avoid the risk of sudden degradation. Find a strong treatment with enhanced leaching properties to keep the wood supports from wearing and collapsing. Metal supports are far much superior to wood beams nevertheless.
Set up fans in diagonal position around the corners of the greenhouse to distribute heat around evenly. The fans should continuously run throughout the winter months to keep the entire house filled with sufficient heat. Because some ventilation of carbon dioxide is important, place vents near the top of the supports. The vents should be adjustable, so that you can open them more during summer months. Make sure to use an electric heater to allow a consistent flow of heat around and good air quality. It’s always good to have a backup heater to avoid any unpleasant interruptions.
Further Greenhouse Planning
Find the most desirable planting areas you wish to grow your plants. Plants that are more sensitive to changes in heat should be kept together, away from other types of plants, to maximize growth. For example, plants that are vulnerable to freezing should be kept in a temporary and cool greenhouse. And plants that do well in warm, tropical temperatures should be kept in a hot greenhouse. Set a steady temperature for the foods you want to grow since you can’t have different zones in one single greenhouse. Ensure you also have adequate water supply and create raised beds inside the greenhouse to discourage ergonomic problems.
Depending on the climate in your area, your budget, expertise, and intended usage; starting a functional greenhouse facility can dramatically increase your crops production potential. All you need to have is the proper tools and a conducive backyard garden setting to get started. You don’t necessarily have to hire a contractor to pull together a plan. Sure, designs vary from cheap to extravagant, and from simple to elaborate; so make sure to consider your options carefully. Likewise, follow the simple steps laid in this guide to start a greenhouse of your dreams!